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            2018年12月英语四级听力真题及答案:第1套

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            Section A News Report
            Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports。 At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions。 Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once。 After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D)。 Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre。

            Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
            1. A) Land a space vehicle on the moon in 2019.
            B) Design a new generation of mobile phones.
            C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon.
            D) Gather data from the moon with a tiny device.
            2. A) It is stable.
            B) It is durable.
            C) It is inexpensive.
            D) It is sophisticated.

            Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
            3. A) It lasted more than six hours.
            B) No injuries were yet reported.
            C) Nobody was in the building when it broke out.
            D) It had burned for 45 minutes by the time firefighters arrived.
            4. A) Recruit and train more firefighters.
            B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall.
            C) Turn the shopping mall into an amusement park.
            D) Find money to renovate the local neighborhood.

            Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
            5. A) Shrinking potato farming.
            B) Heavy reliance on import.
            C) Widespread plant disease.
            D) Insufficient potato supply.
            6. A) It intends to keep its traditional diet.
            B) It wants to expand its own farming.
            C) It is afraid of the spread of disease.
            D) It is worried about unfair competition.
            7. A) Global warming.
            B) Ever-rising prices.
            C) Government regulation.
            D) Diminishing investment.

            Section B Conversation
            Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations。 At the end of each conversations you will hear four questions。 Both the conversations and the question-s will be spoken only once。 After you hear a question。 You must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D)。 Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

            Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
            8. A) Informative.
            B) Inspiring.
            C) Dull.
            D) Shallow.
            9. A) She types on a keyboard.
            B) She does recording.
            C) She takes photos.
            D) She takes notes.
            10. A) It keeps her mind active.
            B) It makes her stay awake.
            C) It enables her to think hard.
            D) It helps her kill time.
            11. A) It enables her to improve her pronunciation.
            B) It helps her better remember what she learns.
            C) It turns out to be an enjoyable way of learning.
            D) It proves to be far more effective than writing.

            Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
            12. A) To spend her honeymoon.
            B) To try authentic Indian food.
            C) To take photos of the Taj Mahal.
            D) To trace the origin of a love story.
            13. A) In memory of a princess.
            B) In honor of a great emperor.
            C) To mark the death of an emperor of the 1600s.
            D) To celebrate the birth of a princess's 14th child.
            14. A) It looks older than expected.
            B) It is built of wood and bricks.
            C) It stores lots of priceless antiques.
            D) It has walls decorated with jewels.
            15. A) Their streets are narrow.
            B) They are mostly crowded.
            C) Each one has a unique character.
            D) Life can be tedious in some places.

            Section C Passage
            Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages。 At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions。 Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once。 After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D)。Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

            Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
            16. A) They help spread the latest technology.
            B) They greatly enrich people’s leisure life.
            C) They provide residents with the resources needed.
            D) They allow free access to digital books and videos.
            17. A) By helping them find jobs.
            B) By inspiring their creativity.
            C) By keeping them off the streets.
            D) By providing a place of relaxation.
            18. A) Their interaction with teenagers proved fruitful.
            B) They used libraries less often than teenagers.
            C) They tended to visit libraries regularly.
            D) Their number increased modestly.

            Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
            19. A) It is the cleverest cat in the world.
            B) It is the largest cat in Africa.
            C) It is an unusual cross breed.
            D) It is a large-sized wild cat.
            20. A) They are as loyal as dogs.
            B) They have unusually long tails.
            C) They are fond of sleeping in cabinets.
            D) They know how to please their owners.
            21. A) They shake their front paws.
            B) They teach them to dive.
            C) They shower with them.
            D) They shout at them.

            Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
            22. A) Anxious and depressed.
            B) Contented and relieved.
            C) Excited but somewhat sad.
            D) Proud but a bit nervous.
            23. A) It is becoming parents biggest concern.
            B) It is gaining increasing public attention.
            C) It depends on their parents for success.
            D) It starts the moment they are born.
            24. A) Set a good example for them to follow.
            B) Read books and magazines to them.
            C) Help them to learn by themselves.
            D) Choose the right school for them.
            25. A) Their intelligence.
            B) Their home life.
            C) The effort they put in learning.
            D) The quality of their school.

            重点单词   查看全部解释    
            effective [i'fektiv]

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            adj. 有效的,有影响的

            联想记忆
            unusual [ʌn'ju:ʒuəl]

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            adj. 不平常的,异常的

            联想记忆
            fruitful ['fru:tfəl]

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            adj. 多产的,富有成效的

             
            enrich [in'ritʃ]

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            vt. 使富足,使肥沃,添加元素

             
            relieved [ri'li:vd]

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            adj. 放心的,放松的,免除的

             
            global ['gləubəl]

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            adj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的

            联想记忆
            spread [spred]

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            v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒
            n.

             
            authentic [ɔ:'θentik]

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            adj. 可信(靠)的,真实的,真正的

            联想记忆
            recruit [ri'kru:t]

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            v. 招募,征兵,吸收(新成员),补充
            n.

            联想记忆
            sophisticated [sə'fistikeitid]

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            adj. 诡辩的,久经世故的,精密的,老练的,尖端的

            联想记忆
            

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