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            万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第570期:达尔文的非凡见解(19)

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            And Darwin for his part is known to have studied Focke's influential paper with its repeated references to Mendel's work, but didn't connect them to his own studies.

            而达尔文这一方呢?人们知道他研究过福克的非常有影响的论文,里面一再提到孟德尔的著作,但是他并没有将它们和自己的研究加以联系起来。
            The one thing everyone thinks featured in Darwin's argument, that humans are descended from apes, didn't feature at all except as one passing allusion. Even so, it took no great leap of imagination to see the implications for human development in Darwin's theories, and it became an immediate talking point.
            在一般人的眼中,人是由猿进化而来的观点是达尔文学说的重要特点,实际上根本不是,这一观点只是在达尔文的学说中顺便提了提。即便那样,大家不需要有太多想像力就能从达尔文的理论中明白关于人类发展的这一层意思,而这很快就成了人们热烈讨论的一个话题。
            辩论

            The showdown came on Saturday, June 30, 1860, at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Oxford. Huxley had been urged to attend by Robert Chambers, author of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, though he was still unaware of Chambers's connection to that contentious tome. Darwin, as ever, was absent. The meeting was held at the Oxford Zoological Museum. More than a thousand people crowded into the chamber; hundreds more were turned away. People knew that something big was going to happen, though they had first to wait while a slumber-inducing speaker named John William Draper of New York University bravely slogged his way through two hours of introductory remarks on "The Intellectual Development of Europe Considered with Reference to the Views of Mr. Darwin."

            1860年6月30日,星期六,在牛津郡英国科学促进协会的一次会议上,一决雌雄的时刻到来了。赫胥黎应《创造的自然史之残迹》一书的作者罗伯特·钱伯斯之邀出席了那次会议,不过当时赫胥黎并不知道钱伯斯与那部富有争议的著作的关系。就像往常一样,达尔文并没有出席。会议是在牛津动物学博物馆举行的。l000余人挤进了会场,还有几百人无法进入。大家都意识到一个重大事件即将发生,虽然他们不得不先聆听纽约大学约翰·威廉·德雷珀长达两个小时的令人昏昏欲睡的开场白,他演说的题目是《论欧洲的智力发展兼论达尔文先生的观点》。

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            influential [.influ'enʃəl]

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            adj. 有权势的,有影响的
            n. 有影响力的

             
            reference ['refrəns]

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            n. 参考,出处,参照
            n. 推荐人,推荐函<

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            association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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            n. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想

            联想记忆
            except [ik'sept]

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            vt. 除,除外
            prep. & conj.

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            allusion [ə'lu:ʒən]

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            n. 暗指,暗示

             
            immediate [i'mi:djət]

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            adj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的

            联想记忆
            contentious [kən'tenʃəs]

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            adj. 好辩的,好争吵的,有争议的

             
            intellectual [.intil'ektʃuəl]

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            n. 知识份子,凭理智做事者
            adj. 智力的

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            unaware ['ʌnə'wɛə]

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            adj. 没有发觉的,不知道的

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